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ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is electricity and how does it affect our lives throughout the seasons?

Energy Efficiency

The cheapest and cleanest energy is that which is never generated and used.  A 2007 study conducted by Central Electric Power Cooperative, the wholesale power aggregator for South Carolina’s electric cooperatives, showed that hundreds of megawatts of generation can be avoided through improved efficiency.  Avoiding use means that less generation of any kind must be constructed and operated.

Here are some ideas for helping your students use energy efficiently:

Other ideas:

Make energy efficiency behavior charts where the children can put a checkmark every time they do something to save energy. For instance, put a line on the chart for a family bike ride instead of a car ride, or for remembering to turn off a light switch when leaving a room. Other ideas include asking parents to turn down the thermostat a few degrees in the winter or up a few degrees in summer, and taking short showers instead of baths.

Create energy-saving posters to display at home or at school illustrating ways people can save energy in their homes or at school, such as turning out the lights or using energy-efficient light bulbs.

Energy efficiency solutions can be simple—a good start is plugging electronics into a power strip and flipping the strip off when you’re away.


What kind of things need energy to work?
Why is it important to use energy efficiently?
How can we be safe around electricity?
Your Electric Cooperatives


Energy efficiency starts at home—learning what to do during cold or hot months around the house can save energy and money. South Carolina kindergarten students can learn the basics about energy, electrical safety and how to use our resources wisely. They can also learn how electricity use changes based on the season. Co-ops believe that if you can teach children these concepts at an early age, they will be more likely to become aware of their actions and become responsible citizens of our state.



Standard K.P.1:
The student will use the science and engineering practices, including the processes and skills of scientific inquiry, to develop understandings of science content.

K.P.1A. Conceptual Understanding:
The practices of science and engineering support the development of science concepts, develop the habits of mind that are necessary for scientific thinking, and allow students to engage in science in ways that are similar to those used by scientists and engineers.

K.P.1B. Conceptual Understanding:
Technology is any modification to the natural world created to fulfill the wants and needs of humans. The engineering design process involves a series of iterative steps used to solve a problem and often leads to the development of a new or improved technology.


Standard K.E.3:
The student will demonstrate an understanding of daily and seasonal weather

K.E.3A. Conceptual Understanding: Weather is a combination of sunlight, wind, snow or rain, and temperature in a particular region at a particular time. Scientists measure weather conditions to describe and record the weather and to notice patterns over time. Plants and animals (including humans) respond to different weather conditions in different ways.

Performance Indicators: Students who demonstrate this understanding can:

K.E.3A.4 Define problems caused by the effects of weather on human activities and design solutions or devices to solve the problem.